The State Trading Corporation (STC) was set up by an Act of Parliament of October 1982 (amended in 1988), to be the trading arm of the Government of Mauritius. It operates under the aegis of the Ministry of Industry, Commerce and Consumer Protection.

STC has been entrusted with the responsibility of importing certain essential commodities including all petroleum products and Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) traded in Mauritius. STC also supplies the domestic market with Wheat Flour, Basmati and non-Basmati Rice.